Surface Roughness and Wettability of Surface Densified Heat-Treated Norway Spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.)

AYRILMIŞ N. , Kariz M., Kwon J. H. , Kuzman M. K.

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA, vol.70, no.4, pp.377-382, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 70 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.5552/drvind.2019.1852
  • Title of Journal : DRVNA INDUSTRIJA
  • Page Numbers: pp.377-382


Surface roughness and wettability of the heat-treated and then surface densified spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) wood were measured to determine the effect of densification and heat-treatment on wood surface properties. The process of heat-treatment with an initial vacuum was performed in a vacuum chamber on oven dried lamellas with dimensions of 630 mm (longitudinal direction) x 45 mm (tangential direction) x 25 mm (radial direction). The lamellas were heat-treated at four different temperatures which were 170 degrees C, 190 degrees C, 210 degrees C and 230 degrees C. Control specimens were not exposed to heat-treatment. The lamellas were first heated to 100 degrees C, the creation of a vacuum taking 30 min at this temperature, and then heated to the desired temperature, and treated at this constant temperature for 3 h. The lamellas were then cooled down by using coils with cold water inside the chamber. Surface densification of lamellas with compression from 22 mm to 15 mm thickness was made by press platens heated at 150 degrees C and held in that position for 60 s. After the 1 min, the heated platen was cooled to 90 degrees C, whilst the specimen remained under compression to minimize immediate spring back The total time of compression was 2 min (30 s closing, 60 s pressing and approx. 30 s cooling). In the treatment groups, the optimum treatment temperature on the one-side dens fed wood specimens was found to be 170 degrees C based on the surface roughness and wettability values. Surface densification significantly decreased the surface roughness of the wood specimens. The surface quality of wood can be improved when the wood is exposed to the heat-treatment and then surface densification.