Late Acheulean Lithic Assemblages From Locality 010 at Gurgurbaba Hill (Eastern Anatolia)


Baykara I., Sarıkaya M. A. , Sahin S., DİNÇER B. , Ünal E.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY, vol.25, pp.289-308, 2022 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/eaa.2021.50
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, L'Année philologique, Anthropological Literature, Art Abstracts, Art Index, Art Source, International Bibliography of Art, Old Testament Abstracts Online
  • Page Numbers: pp.289-308
  • Keywords: Late Acheulean, obsidian, eastern Anatolia, Gurgurbaba Hill, human migration, landscape adaptation, MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC TRANSITION, LAKE VAN, LEVALLOIS TECHNOLOGY, TABUN CAVE, TURKEY, OCCUPATIONS, WESTERN

Abstract

The province of Van in north-eastern Turkey served as a land bridge between Africa and Eurasia during the Palaeolithic. The region is of particular relevance for understanding the movement of hominins between these continents. This study concerns the lithic remains from a locality at Gurgurbaba Hill, named Locality 010, north of the village of Ulupamir (Ercis district). Locality 010 was dated to 311 +/- 32 kya by terrestrial cosmogenic nuclides method, which coincides with Marine Isotope Stage 9 (MIS 9), a Middle Pleistocene interglacial period. The assemblage from this site is attributed to the Late Acheulean and resembles that of the southern Caucasus. This similarity indicates that the artefacts from Locality 010 were probably produced by late Lower Palaeolithic technology in a broad sense. These findings suggest local adaptations of late Middle Pleistocene hominins to high plateau environments.