This study was carried out in 140 healthy subjects who were divided into three subgroups of age: young (21-40 years), mature (41-60 years), and elderly (61-85 years) to investigate lipid peroxides and the antioxidant system in serum and low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Serum levels of cholesterol and LDL cholesterol increased with age. The elderly group was found to have higher polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), diene conjugates, and lower cholesterol-adjusted vitamin E levels and antioxidant activity (AOA) as compared to the young group. No age-related difference was detected in serum vitamin C levels. Age correlated positively with serum cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, PUFA, TBARS, diene conjugate levels and the susceptibility of LDL to copper-induced lipid peroxidation increased in elderly subjects as compared with young subjects. In addition, positive correlations were detected between age and LDL endogenous diene conjugate levels and TBARS formation after copper incubation. However, the susceptibility of whole serum to copper-induced lipid peroxidation did not change in young and elderly subjects. Our results show that endogenous lipid peroxide levels in serum and LDL, and the susceptibility of LDL to copper-induced oxidation, increased with aging in humans.