PREVIOUS CHRONIC BLOCKADE OF NMDA RECEPTORS INTENSIFIES MORPHINE-DEPENDENCE IN RATS


KOYUNCUOGLU H., ARICIOGLU F.

PHARMACOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY AND BEHAVIOR, vol.39, no.3, pp.575-579, 1991 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1991
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/0091-3057(91)90130-t
  • Title of Journal : PHARMACOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY AND BEHAVIOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.575-579

Abstract

Chronic exposure of receptors to antagonists generally results in upregulation and/or supersensitivity. On the other hand, the noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists ketamine (K) and dextromethorphan (DM) suppress opiate abstinence syndrome by blocking NMDA receptors. Therefore, 40 mg/kg ketamine (K), 5 mg/kg dextromethorphan (DM), 5 mg/kg morphine (M) and 2 mg/kg naloxone (NL) alone or in combination with NL were IP administered to the rats five times during the daytime only for five days to see whether they would intensify abstinence syndrome through upregulation and/or supersensitivity of NMDA receptors. Three days following the implantation of three M-containing pellets, abstinence syndrome was brought about by 2 mg/kg NL injection. Jumping, wet dog shake, writhing, teeth chattering, diarrhoea, defecation and ptosis were observed for ten min. All drugs used alone or in combination with NL increased the intensity of abstinence syndrome. Since K and DM are noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists, the intensifying effect of NL or M was considered to be related to their interactions with NMDA receptors. Furthermore, on the basis of the results of the previous and present study, NL was claimed to act on NMDA receptors, like other opioids, but with higher affinity for and weaker blocking effect on NMDA receptors.