InGaAs-based Gunn light emitting diode


Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, vol.159, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 159
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mssp.2023.107389
  • Journal Name: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex
  • Keywords: Gunn diode, Gunn domain, Gunn oscillations, InGaAs, Light emitting diode
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Elsevier LtdWe report an n-type In0.53Ga0.47As based Gunn light emitting diode operated at around 1.6 μm. The device structure comprises of an n-type In0.53Ga0.47As epilayer with a thickness of 5 μm grown by Metal Organic Vapour Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE) on a semi-insulating InP substrate and fabricated in a planar architecture with a stepped structure at anode side to suppress the destructive effect of high built-in electric field in propagating Gunn domain. Gunn diode is operated under pulsed voltage with a pulse width of 60 ns and pulse duration of 4.5 ns to keep the duty cycle as low as 0.0013%. The Gunn oscillations with an 1 ns period are observed at around 4.1 kV/cm, which corresponds to the electric field threshold of Negative Differential Resistance (NDR). The light emission at around 1.6 μm also starts at the threshold electric field of the NDR region (E = 4.2 kV/cm) of the current-voltage curve, and the emission intensity increases drastically with increasing applied electric field. The observed light emission at NDR threshold electric field where Gunn oscillations appear on the voltage pulse is attributed to the impact ionisation process occurring in the current domains along the sample, which generates excess carriers to initiate the band-to-band recombination in In0.53Ga0.47As.