The minor allele of ANGPTL8 rs2278426 has a protective effect against CAD in T2DM patients


Bilgin A. G., EKİCİ B., Ozuynuk-Ertugrul A. S., Erkan A. F., ÇOBAN N.

Gene, vol.914, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 914
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.gene.2024.148418
  • Journal Name: Gene
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: ANGPTL8, CAD, Polymorphism, Rs2278426, T2DM
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide despite advanced treatment and diagnosis strategies. Angiopoietin-like protein 8 (ANGPTL8) mainly functions in the lipid mechanism, which is a dysregulated mechanism during CAD pathogenesis. In this study, we aimed to determine the associations between an ANGPTL8 polymorphism rs2278426 and the severity, presence, and risk factors of CAD. Methods: A total of 1367 unrelated Turkish individuals who underwent coronary angiography were recruited for the study and grouped as CAD (n = 736, ≥50 stenosis) and non-CAD (n = 549, ≤30 stenosis). Also, subjects were further divided into groups regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) status. Subjects were genotyped for rs2278426 (C/T) by quantitative real-time PCR. Secondary structure analyses of protein interactions were revealed using I-TASSER and PyMOL. Results: Among CAD patients, T allele carriage frequency was lower in the T2DM group (p = 0.046). Moreover, in male non-CAD group, T allele carriage was more prevalent among T2DM patients than non-T2DM (p = 0.033). In logistic regression analysis adjusted for obesity, T allele carrier males had an increased risk for T2DM in non-CAD group (OR = 2.244, 95 % CI: 1.057–4.761, p = 0.035). Also, in T2DM group, stenosis (p = 0.002) and SYNTAX score (p = 0.040) were lower in T allele carrier males than in non-carriers. Analyzes of secondary structure showed that ANGPTL8 could not directly form complexes with ANGPTL3 or ANGPTL4. Conclusion: In conclusion, T allele carriage of ANGPTL8 rs2278426 has a protective effect on CAD in T2DM patients. Further research should be conducted to explore the association between ANGPTL8 polymorphism (rs2778426) and CAD.