The Associations between Childhood Experiences and Occupational Choice Capability, and the Mediation of Societal Gender Roles


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KOÇAK O., Ergin M., Younis M. Z.

HEALTHCARE, vol.10, no.6, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/healthcare10061004
  • Journal Name: HEALTHCARE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: childhood experiences, gender roles, career choice, ROLE ATTITUDES SCALE, LIFE SATISFACTION, MIDDLE CHILDHOOD, SELF-EFFICACY, ADULT-CHILD, FAMILY, CAREER, STEREOTYPES, PARENTS, AMERICAN
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Experiences in family, school, and social life during childhood are associated with gender roles and occupational choice capability. This study examines how competent individuals are in occupational choice capability and the relationships of childhood experiences and gender roles with their competencies in occupational choice capability. The research is composed of 805 individuals aged 18 and older, who reside in Turkey. In the research, we used the Personal Information Form, Childhood Experiences Scale, Gender Roles Attitude Scale, and The Scale of Occupational Choice Capability. The SPSS 25 program and PROCESS-Macro were used to analyze the variables. The relationship between the scales was investigated using Pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. According to the findings we obtained, individuals' family and school life were positively correlated with their career choices, and family function sexism harmed their choice of profession. We also found gender roles had a mediating role in the relationship between school life and career choice.