An algorithm for Botulinum toxin A injection for upper eyelid retraction associated with thyroid eye disease: long-term results


Karabulut G. O. , Fazil K., Saracoglu Yilmaz B., Ozturker C. , Gunaydin Z. K. , Taskapili M., ...Daha Fazla

ORBIT-THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON ORBITAL DISORDERS-OCULOPLASTIC AND LACRIMAL SURGERY, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/01676830.2020.1814351
  • Dergi Adı: ORBIT-THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON ORBITAL DISORDERS-OCULOPLASTIC AND LACRIMAL SURGERY

Özet

Purpose To evaluate the efficacy and complications of transconjunctival Botulinum toxin A injections performed according to an algorithm, for the management of upper eyelid retraction associated with thyroid eye disease.