Surface Characteristics and Hardness of Medium Density Fiberboard Containing Pine Cone

Ayrilmis N. , Avci E., Buyuksari U.

JOURNAL OF BIOBASED MATERIALS AND BIOENERGY, vol.3, no.4, pp.393-400, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1166/jbmb.2009.1043
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.393-400


Surface characteristics, wettability and surface roughness, and surface hardness of medium density fiberboards containing cone flour of stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) at various ratios (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, or 50%) based on the oven-dry weight of wood fiber were evaluated. Contact angle measurements were obtained by using a goniometer connected with a digital camera and computer system. Roughness measurements were taken from the sanded specimens along and across the sandmarks using a fine stylus tracing technique. The results revealed that the surface quality of the panels and surface hardness reduced with the increasing cone flour content. The samples made from 100% wood fiber had the lowest contact angle value with 88.8 degrees and average roughness (R(a)) with 5.2 mu m while the highest contact angle and surface roughness were found for the samples containing 50% cone flour having value of 114.4 degrees and 9.6 mu m, respectively. Although panel type A made from 100% wood fibers had the best roughness and wettability, panel type B containing 50% cone flour had similar values to panel type A. This study revealed that value-added MDF panels containing 10% the cone flour can be used to manufacture laminated flooring and overlaid panels for the furniture industry.