Surgical treatment of pulmonary hydatid disease: a comparison of children and adults

Dincer S. I., DEMİR A., Sayar A., GÜNLÜOĞLU M. Z., KARA H. V.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, vol.41, no.7, pp.1230-1236, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2006.03.053
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1230-1236
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Background: Hydatid cyst still remains an important health problem in our country as in many Mediterranean countries. The disease may affect children, and its treatment may be challenging in this age group. Surgery is the primary way of treatment. In the current study, the features unique to childhood pulmonary hydatid disease are emphasized. Methods: Between 1992 and 2003, 301 patients were operated on because of pulmonary hydatid cyst in our hospital; 44 of them were 14 years or younger. They were categorized as pediatric patients. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical data of the patients. Results: The mean age of the patients was 10.6 +/- 3.7 years (5-14 years) in children and 32.2 +/- 14 years (16-75 years) in adults. The rate of intact cyst was 71% in children and 57% in adults (P = .07). The mean diameter of the cyst was 8.5 +/- 3.1 cm (3-15 cm) and 6.6 +/- 3 cm (2-16 cm) in children and adults, respectively (P +/- .001). The rate of parenchyme-saving procedures was 84.1% in children, whereas 94.9% in adults. Lobectomy was performed in 16% of children, whereas it was performed in 1.5% of adults (P < .001). Morbidity rates were 13.6% in children and 11.6% in adults. No children but 1 adult died. Long-term follow-up revealed the recurrence rates as 4.5% in children and 4.3% in adults. Conclusions: Surgery, the primary method of treatment of hydatid cyst, is safe. Parenchyma-saving procedures such as cystotomy and capitonnage should be performed as much as possible. Nevertheless, hydatid cyst can reach relatively larger dimensions in children than in adults, which causes parenchyme destruction eventually leading to lung resection. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.