Surgeon, vol.21, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in IrelandBackground: A single-institution retrospective analysis was undertaken to assess long-term results of definitive surgical reconstruction for major bile duct injuries and risk factors for restenosis. Methods: Patients treated between January 1995 and October 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. The primary outcome measure was patency. Results: Of 417 patients referred to a tertiary center, 290 (69.5%) underwent surgical reconstruction; mostly in the form of a hepaticojejunostomy (n = 281, 96.8%). Major liver resection was undertaken in 18 patients (6.2%). There were 7 postoperative deaths (2.4%). Patency was achieved in 97.4% of primary repairs and 88.8% of re-repairs. Primary patency at three months (including postoperative deaths and stents removed afterwards) in primary repairs was significantly higher than secondary patency attained during the same period in re-repairs (89.3% vs 76.5%, p < 0.01). The actuarial primary patency was also significantly higher compared to the actuarial secondary patency 10 years after reconstruction (86.7% vs 70.4%, p = 0.001). Vascular disruption was the only independent predictor of loss of patency after reconstruction (OR 7.09, 95% CI 3.45–14.49, p < 0.001), showing interaction with injuries at or above the biliary bifurcation (OR 9.52, 95% CI 2.56–33.33, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Long-term outcome of surgical reconstruction for major bile duct injuries was superior in primary repairs compared to re-repairs. Concomitant vascular injury was independently associated with loss of patency requiring revision.