Data-Driven Magnetic Resonance Imaging Definitions for Active and Structural Sacroiliac Joint Lesions in Juvenile Spondyloarthritis Typical of Axial Disease: A Cross-Sectional International Study


Weiss P. F., Brandon T. G., Lambert R. G., Biko D. M., Chauvin N. A., Francavilla M. L., ...More

ARTHRITIS CARE & RESEARCH, vol.75, no.6, pp.1220-1227, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/acr.25014
  • Journal Name: ARTHRITIS CARE & RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1220-1227
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

ObjectiveWe aimed to determine quantitative sacroiliac (SI) joint magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cutoffs for active and structural lesions that will be incorporated as imaging domains in classification criteria of axial disease in juvenile spondyloarthritis (SpA). MethodsMRI scans from an international cross-section of juvenile SpA patients were reviewed by 6 musculoskeletal imaging experts blinded to clinical details. Raters globally assessed the presence/absence of lesions typical of axial SpA and performed SI joint quadrant- or joint-based scoring. Sensitivity and specificity of lesion cutoffs were calculated using a rater majority (>= 4 of 6 raters) on a global assessment of the presence/absence of active or structural lesions typical of axial SpA with high confidence as the reference standard. Cutoffs were validated in an independent cohort. ResultsImaging from 243 subjects, 61% male, median age 14.9 years, had sequences available for detailed MRI scoring. Optimal cutoffs for defining lesions typical of axial disease in juvenile SpA were: 1) inflammatory lesion: bone marrow edema in >= 3 SI joint quadrants across all SI joint MRI slices (sensitivity 98.6%, specificity 96.5%); 2) structural lesions: erosion in >= 3 quadrants or sclerosis or fat lesion in >= 2 SI joint quadrants or backfill or ankylosis in >= 2 joint halves across all SI joint MRI slices (sensitivity 98.6%, specificity 95.5%). Sensitivity and specificity of the optimal cutoffs in the validation cohort were excellent. ConclusionWe propose data-driven cutoffs for active inflammatory and structural lesions on MRI typical of axial disease in juvenile SpA that have high specificity and sensitivity using central imaging global assessment as the reference standard and excellent reliability.