A Pro-Prince Sabahaddin Political Formation During the Armistice Period: The Ottoman Peace and Welfare Party Mütareke Döneminde Prens Sabahattin Yanlisi Bir Siyasi Oluşum: Sulh ve Selâmet-i Osmâniyye Firkasi


GÜLLÜ R. E.

Turkiyat Mecmuasi, vol.32, no.1, pp.381-403, 2022 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/iuturkiyat.1081681
  • Journal Name: Turkiyat Mecmuasi
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.381-403
  • Keywords: liberal Nationalism, liberalism, Prince Sabahaddin, The National Liberal Party, The Ottoman Parliament, The Turkish national struggle
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Türkiyat Mecmuası. All rights reserved.The Sulh ve Selamet-i Osmâniyye [Ottoman Peace and Welfare] Party was founded with the merging of the Osmanli Sulh ve Selâmet Cemiyeti [Ottoman Peace and Welfare Union] that had formed in Istanbul after the signing of the Armistice of Mudros with the Selamet-i Osmâniyye Firkasi [Ottoman Welfare Party]. This party's main political stance was in opposition to Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). It gained a significant political position during the armistice period and was also pro-Prince Sabahaddin. Meanwhile, Prince Sabahaddin supporters were not the only members of the Ottoman Peace and Welfare Party: Different groups were also involved in the party since it was first founded. In this context, to suggest that the main factor determining the political approach of the party was its opposition to CUP would not be wrong. After the official occupation of Istanbul, the Ottoman Peace and Welfare Party had its political activities suspended like other parties and was unable to establish a close relationship with the Ankara government. In view of this, although the party relaunched its political efforts in Istanbul in 1921, it was unsuccessful and shortly after completely withdrew from the political arena.