Redox effect on carbon and nitrogen mineralization in the drawdown zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir


Zha Y. X. , Faeflen S. J. , Zhou X. B. , Tecimen H. B. , Wright A. L. , Jiang X. J.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13762-022-03950-1
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Keywords: Redox, Carbon, Nitrogen, Mineralization, DRYING-REWETTING FREQUENCY, LEVEL-FLUCTUATION ZONE, SOIL ORGANIC-MATTER, N-MINERALIZATION, CYCLES, WATER, RESPIRATION, IMPACTS, RESPONSES, EMISSION

Abstract

Soil redox is a critical environmental factor affecting nutrient cycling, but little is known about how soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization accrue in response to repeated redox fluctuations. To study the effect of prolonged redox disturbances on soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization, soils from Wanzhou, Changshou and Fengdu areas of the Three Gorges Reservoir drawdown zone experiencing 0, 5 and 8 redox cycles within approximately six months were tested using the soil mineralization culture method. The repeated wetting-drying cycles for up to 6 months altered soil redox state compared to unflooded soil, thereby inhibiting soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization, and the trend was consistent across regions. During the 14-day incubation, the cumulative CO2 emission of 0-cycle, 5-cycle and 8-cycle sites from all three areas were 155-176, 141-143 and 125-129 mg(-1)center dot kg(-1), respectively, and the N2O emission were 6.1 x 10(-2)-6.9 x 10(-2), 5.6 x 10(-2)-6.3 x 10(-2) and 5.6 x 10(-2)-6.0 x 10(-2) mg center dot kg(-1), respectively. In addition, the accumulation of mineral nitrogen was 16.60-24.34 mg center dot kg(-1) (0-cycle), 13.57-15.85 mg center dot kg(-1) (5-cycle) and 12.96-14.85 mg center dot kg(-1) (8-cycle), respectively. Results showed the emissions of CO2 and N2O were reduced and mineralized nitrogen decreased with the increase of redox frequency. Therefore, the analysis of the effects of prolonged and repeated redox disturbances on soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization will help to increase the accumulation of organic carbon and nitrogen in the drawdown zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir, and reduce the release of CO2 and N2O to alleviate ecological and environmental problems such as greenhouse gas emissions and water pollution.