Background/Aims: IPMT (intraductal papillary-mucinous tumor) of the pancreas has unique clinicopathological characteristics. The lesions which show characteristic clinical features of IPMT exhibit a wide spectrum of histological types ranging from atypical hyperplasia to invasive cancer. Therefore, surgical treatment cannot be recommended for all patients with IPMT. It is necessary to assess the malignant potential of IPMT in individual patients in order to select an appropriate approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic ultrasonography and intraductal ultrasonography as compared with ultrasonography and computed tomography for this purpose.