Analysis of essential oil of satureja thymbra by hydrodistillation, thermal desorber, and headspace gc/ms techniques and its antimicrobial activity

Goren A., Topcu G., Bilsel G., Bilsel M., Wilkinson J., Cavanagh H.

NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH, vol.18, no.2, pp.189-195, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14786410310001608145
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.189-195
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


The essential oil composition of Satureja thymbra was analyzed by direct thermal desorber and Headspace GC/MS analysis methods. Its constituents were determined to be mainly carvacrol (40.15%), gamma-terpinene (26.56%), p-cymene (16.39%), and thymol (13.16%). The other techniques, thermal desorber and Headspace GC/MS, were used for the plant leaves at three different temperature, which showed similar results. The thermal desorber GC/MS gave better and more sensitive results than Headspace GC/MS. The essential oil was found to be active against the bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella sonnei, and Staphylococcus aureus and the yeast Candida albicans.