Analysis of essential oil of satureja thymbra by hydrodistillation, thermal desorber, and headspace gc/ms techniques and its antimicrobial activity

Goren A., Topcu G., Bilsel G., Bilsel M., Wilkinson J., Cavanagh H.

NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH, cilt.18, ss.189-195, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 18 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/14786410310001608145
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.189-195


The essential oil composition of Satureja thymbra was analyzed by direct thermal desorber and Headspace GC/MS analysis methods. Its constituents were determined to be mainly carvacrol (40.15%), gamma-terpinene (26.56%), p-cymene (16.39%), and thymol (13.16%). The other techniques, thermal desorber and Headspace GC/MS, were used for the plant leaves at three different temperature, which showed similar results. The thermal desorber GC/MS gave better and more sensitive results than Headspace GC/MS. The essential oil was found to be active against the bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella sonnei, and Staphylococcus aureus and the yeast Candida albicans.