Glans wings are separated ventrally by the septum glandis and frenulum penis: Mri documentation and surgical implications Penis glansı ventralde septum glandis ve frenulum ile ayrılmıştır: Mr bulguları ve cerrahiye katkısı


Ozbey H., Kumbasar A.

Turkish Journal of Urology, vol.43, no.4, pp.525-529, 2017 (Scopus) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/tud.2017.00334
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Urology
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.525-529
  • Keywords: Frenulum, hypospadias, glans penis, penis, septum glandis, HYPOSPADIAS
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2017 by Turkish Association of Urology.Objective: In the normal human penis, the glans wings are in apposition in the midline ventrally, and are separated by the “septum glandis” and “frenulum” of the prepuce. However, most of the hypospadias repair techniques include dissection of the glans wings and their approximation enclosing the neourethra within the glans. Material and methods: In order to obtain detailed information about the normal anatomy of glans penis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of the penis were studied in three adults. Transverse, and sagittal sections of the penis were performed with a 1.5-T MRI scanner. Results: The present MRI study has confirmed that the glans wings do not fuse at the ventral midline and they are seperated by a fibrous tissue (septum glandis). This fibrous tissue is connected to the frenulum, traversing the wings of the glans penis. The glanular urethra forming the fossa navicularis has a wider caliber than the proximal urethra, and its walls are radiologically seen as the extension of that fibrous tissue. Conclusion: The male urethra is not a uniform tubular structure and has distinct attachments in glans penis. The glans wings are separated ventrally by the septum glandis and frenulum. In hypospadias, the septum glandis and frenulum are entirely missing structures. Therefore, in hypospadias surgery, the anatomical features of the glanular urethra must be taken into consideration.