Homozygous frame shift mutation in ECM1 gene in two siblings with lipoid proteinosis

Samdani A. J., Azhar A., Shahid S. M., Nawab S. N., Shaikh R., Qader S. A., ...More

JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGICAL CASE REPORTS, vol.4, no.4, pp.66-70, 2010 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.3315/jdcr.2010.1056
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.66-70
  • Keywords: extracellular matrix protein 1, ECM1, gene, genodermatosis, lipoid proteinosis, mutation
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Background: The extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1) is a glycoprotein, expressed in skin and other tissues. Loss-of-function mutation in ECM1 causes a rare autosomal recessive disorder called lipoid proteinosis. Lipoid proteinosis is presented by varying degrees of skin scars, beaded papules along the eyelid margins, variable signs of hoarseness of voice and respiratory disorders. More than 250 cases of this disorder have been described in the literature, but occurrence of lipoid proteinosis in siblings is very rare. This study was designed to investigate the possible mutation causing lipoid proteinosis in a Pakistani family and to elaborate the scope of possible genetic changes, causing the genodermatosis in Pakistan.