DOKLADY EARTH SCIENCES, vol.433, no.2, pp.1031-1037, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
An isotope-geochronological study has been performed to examine the products of Late Cenozoic collision volcanism on the northern coast of Van Lake, Turkey. We obtained 45 new K-Ar dates, based on which the principal time characteristics of volcanic activity in the region have been determined. The total duration of magmatic activity in the area of the northern coast of Van Lake has lasted similar to 15 myr; it has had an expressed discrete nature, when periods of intense volcanic activity alternated with lasting breaks in eruptions. Four stages of Neogene-Quaternary volcanism have been identified: Middle Miocene (15.0-13.5 myr), Late Miocene (10-9 myr), Pliocene (5.8-3.7 myr), and Quaternary (1.0-0.4 Ma). The average duration of the stages has been 1-2 myr; the stages were separated from each other with periods of inactivity of approximately equal lengths (similar to 3 myr). For each of the Pliocene and Quaternary stages, three additional phases of volcanism have been identified, which were separated from each other with short time intervals (a few hundred thousand years). The last burst of volcanic activity in the area in question took place similar to 400 ka; similar to Quaternary volcanism in general, it was not characterized by a high intensity. An important result of the studies performed was to confirm the existence of a separate Middle Miocene stage of collision volcanism for the Caucasian-Anatolian Segment of the Alpine Fold Belt. The data generated allow concluding that Neogene-Quaternary volcanism in this portion of the belt started much earlier (similar to 15 Ma) than assumed by the majority of the previous researchers.