Procalcitonin: a Novel Cardiac Marker with Prognostic Value in Acute Coronary Syndrome

Ataoglu H. E. , Yilmaz F., Uzunhasan I., Cetin F., Temiz L., Doventas Y. E. , ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH, cilt.38, sa.1, ss.52-61, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 38 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/147323001003800106
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.52-61


Procalcitonin (PCT) is implicated as an inflammatory marker in early atherosclerosis. In order to investigate the clinical consequences of increased PCT levels in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), 77 patients (29 with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [MI], 34 with ST-elevation MI and 14 with unstable angina pectoris) were included and followed up for 6 months. The PCT levels were determined at initial presentation and within 48 h of admission. Five patients died during hospitalization and their PCT levels within 48 h of admission were significantly higher than survivors (n = 72) (0.588 +/- 0.56 versus 0.399 +/- 1.33 ng/ml, respectively). The PCT levels within 48 h post-admission in the nine patients who died within 6 months were also significantly higher compared with the survivors (0.451 +/- 0.44 versus 0.406 +/- 1.37 ng/ml, respectively). It is concluded that higher PCT levels within 48 h post-admission may reflect an inflammatory state that is associated with increased early and 6-month mortality.


To investigate the relationship between anticoagulation treatment and drug resistance in chest pain, levels of factor Xa residual activity were determined in patients seen in intensive care with recurrent chest pain and compared with levels in patients who had no ischaemic events during hospitalization. A total of 122 patients aged 18 - 75 years who were admitted to hospital with acute coronary syndrome and treated with enoxaparin were included. Of these, 62 patients had recurrent chest pain while hospitalized (group A) and 60 patients had an uneventful follow-up period (group B). Patients requiring primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and/or treatment with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, and those with renal failure, a high risk of bleeding or receiving anti-inflammatory drugs were excluded from the study. Median levels (+/- interquartile range) of factor Xa residual activity were significantly higher in group A compared with group B (0.68 +/- 0.29 IU/ml versus 0.34 +/- 0.33 IU/ml). It is concluded that enoxaparin resistance, resulting in high levels of factor Xa residual activity, should be considered in patients with recurrent ischaemia.