Parkinson's disease (PD) is a genetically heterogeneous disease. Recently, significant linkage has been reported to a 39.5 cM region on the long arm of chromosome 2 (2q36-37; PARK11) in North American Parkinson families under an autosomal dominant model of inheritance. We have performed a replication study to confirm linkage to this region in a European population. Linkage analysis in 153 individuals from 45 European families with a strong family history of PD did not show any significant LOD score in this region. Therefore, PARK11 does not seem to play a major role for familial PD in the European population.