Liquid-liquid equilibria of (water plus butyric acid plus diethyl succinate or diethyl glutarate or diethyl adipate) ternary systems


Gok A., Kirbaslar S. I., Uslu H., Gilani H. G.

FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, vol.303, no.1, pp.71-75, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 303 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fluid.2011.01.012
  • Journal Name: FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.71-75
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) data of the solubility (binodal) curves and tie-line end compositions were examined for mixtures of [(water (1)+ butyric acid (2) + diethyl succinate or diethyl glutarate or diethyl adipate (3)1 at 298.2 K and 101.3 +/- 0.7 kPa. The relative mutual solubility of butyric acid is higher in the diethyl succinate or diethyl glutarate or diethyl adipate layers than water layers. The consistency of the experimental tie-lines was determined through the Othmer-Tobias correlation equation. The LLE data were correlated with NRTL model, indicating the reliability of the NRTL equations for these ternary systems. The best results were achieved with the NRTL equation, using non-randomness parameter (alpha = 0.3) for the correlation. Distribution coefficients and separation factors were measured to evaluate the extracting capability of the solvents. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.