Multilocus sequence analysis reveals extensive genetic variety within Tenacibaculum spp. associated with ulcers in sea-farmed fish in Norway


OLSEN A. B. , GULLA S., Steinum T. M. , COLQUHOUN D. J. , NILSEN H. K. , DUCHAUD E.

VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY, cilt.205, ss.39-45, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 205
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.04.028
  • Dergi Adı: VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.39-45

Özet

Skin ulcer development in sea-reared salmonids, commonly associated with Tenacibaculum spp., is a significant fish welfare- and economical problem in Norwegian aquaculture. A collection of 89 Tenacibaculum isolates was. subjected to multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA). The isolates were retrieved from outbreaks of clinical disease in farms spread along the Norwegian coast line from seven different fish species over a period of 19 years. MLSA analysis reveals considerable genetic diversity, but allows identification of four main clades. One Glade encompasses isolates belonging to the species T. dicentrarchi, whereas three clades encompass bacteria that likely represent novel, as yet undescribed species. The study identified T. maritimum in lumpsucker, T. ovolyticum in halibut, and has extended the host and geographic range for T. soleae, isolated from wrasse. The overall lack of clonality and host specificity, with some indication of geographical range restriction argue for local epidemics involving multiple strains. The diversity of Tenacibaculum isolates from fish displaying ulcerative disease may complicate vaccine development.