THE CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND GDP IN TURKEY


OZTURK I., KAPLAN M. , KALYONCU H.

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT, cilt.24, sa.5, ss.727-734, 2013 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 24 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1260/0958-305x.24.5.727
  • Dergi Adı: ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.727-734

Özet

This paper attempts to investigate the short-run and long-run relationship and causality between energy consumption and economic growth during 1960-2006 period for Turkey. Johansen and Juselius cointegration method and vector error correction model (VECM) have been employed to examine this issue. After finding cointegration among variables, a VECM is estimated and the Granger causality tests were carried out based on a VECM. The results have shown that there is no short-run causality in both energy consumption and GDP models. The results also confirmed that there is unidirectional long-run causality among variables of interest and the direction of long-run causality is running from per capita GDP to per capita energy consumption. As a result, conservation hypothesis which postulates unidirectional causality from economic growth to energy consumption is confirmed for Turkey. Taken together, these empirical findings involve valuable information for policy makers.