Forty month follow-up of persistent and difficultly controlled acromegalic patients treated with depot long acting somatostatin analog octreotide


Yetkfn D. O. , Boysan S. N. , Tiryakioglu O., Yalin A. S. , Kadioglu P.

ENDOCRINE JOURNAL, cilt.54, ss.459-464, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 54 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1507/endocrj.k06-100
  • Dergi Adı: ENDOCRINE JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.459-464

Özet

w The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of octreotide long acting release (S-LAR) preparation on GH and IGF-1 serum concentrations and pituitary tumor size in patients with persistent and difficultly controlled acromegaly even after adjuvant irradiation and/or dopamine agonists. Thirty-three patients with active acromegaly (26 female and 7 male, mean age; 43.94 +/- 14.01 SD years) were included in this study. Patients were evaluated at baseline and at 6, 12, 30 and 40 months for GH, IGF-1, and GH response to OGTT and biliary ultrasonography. Sella MRI was performed at initial and at 40 months. All patients received 20 mg S-LAR. Afterwards, the dosage was titrated to improve individual GH response and reduction of IGF-1 into normal ranges. Basal serum IGF-1 levels decreased from median: 530 mu g/l [IQR: 420-600] to 340 mu g/l [IQR: 230-460] at 6 months (p = 0.01), to 400 mu g/l [IQR: 222.4-600] at 12 months (p = 0.48), to 396 mu g/l [IQR: 318-468] at 30 months (p = 0.49), to 482 mu g/l [308-580] at 40 months (p = 0.47). Nadir GH levels in OGTT fell from 2.70 ng/ml [IQR: 1.35-6.90] to 1.60 ng/ml [IQR: 0.36-4.10] at 6 months (p = 0.03), to 0.31 ng/ml [IQR: 0.18-0.65] at 12 months (p<0.0001), to 1.50 ng/ml [IQR: 0.83-4.00] at 30 months (p = 0.398) and to 0.89 ng/ml [IQR: 0.58-1.35] at 40 months (p<0.0001). Initially, pituitary adenoma volume was median: 1.18 ml [IQR: 0.08-3.50] and it shrank to 0.21 ml [IQR: 0-2.1] at 40 months (p = 0.08). Gallstones were detected in 12 patients and six of them underwent cholecystectomy. S-LAR is an effective treatment regimen in reducing GH and IGF-1 concentrations and as well as in shrinking tumor volume in persistent and difficultly controlled acromegalic patients.

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of octreotide long acting release (S-LAR) preparation on GH and IGF-1 serum concentrations and pituitary tumor size in patients with persistent and difficultly controlled acromegaly even after adjuvant irradiation and/or dopamine agonists. Thirty-three patients with active acromegaly (26 female and 7 male, mean age; 43.94 +/- 14.01 SD years) were included in this study. Patients were evaluated at baseline and at 6, 12, 30 and 40 months for GH, IGF-1, and GH response to OGTT and biliary ultrasonography. Sella MRI was performed at initial and at 40 months. All patients received 20 mg S-LAR. Afterwards, the dosage was titrated to improve individual GH response and reduction of IGF-1 into normal ranges. Basal serum IGF-1 levels decreased from median: 530 microg/l [IQR: 420-600] to 340 microg/l [IQR: 230-460] at 6 months (p = 0.01), to 400 microg/l [IQR: 222.4-600] at 12 months (p = 0.48), to 396 microg/l [IQR: 318-468] at 30 months (p = 0.49), to 482 microg/l [308-580] at 40 months (p = 0.47). Nadir GH levels in OGTT fell from 2.70 ng/ml [IQR: 1.35-6.90] to 1.60 ng/ml [IQR: 0.36-4.10] at 6 months (p = 0.03), to 0.31 ng/ml [IQR: 0.18-0.65] at 12 months (p<0.0001), to 1.50 ng/ml [IQR: 0.83-4.00] at 30 months (p = 0.398) and to 0.89 ng/ml [IQR: 0.58-1.35] at 40 months (p<0.0001). Initially, pituitary adenoma volume was median: 1.18 ml [IQR: 0.08-3.50] and it shrank to 0.21 ml [IQR: 0-2.1] at 40 months (p = 0.08). Gallstones were detected in 12 patients and six of them underwent cholecystectomy. S-LAR is an effective treatment regimen in reducing GH and IGF-1 concentrations and as well as in shrinking tumor volume in persistent and difficultly controlled acromegalic patients.