Uniportal pure robotic-assisted thoracic surgery-technical aspects, tips and tricks


Gonzalez-Rivas D., Manolache V., Liviu Bosinceanu M., Gallego-Poveda J., Garcia-Perez A., de la Torre M., ...More

ANNALS OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.21037/atm-22-1866
  • Journal Name: ANNALS OF TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, EMBASE
  • Keywords: Robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS), uniportal RATS (U-RATS), single port RATS, robotic, lobectomy, minimally invasive thoracic surgery (MITS), LYMPH-NODE DISSECTION, CELL LUNG-CANCER, SLEEVE RESECTIONS, LOBECTOMY

Abstract

The uniportal access for robotic thoracic surgery presents itself as a natural evolution of minimally invasive thoracic surgery (MITS). It was developed by surgeons who pioneered the uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (U-VATS) in all its aspects following the same principles of a single incision by using robotic technology. The robotic surgery was initially started as a hybrid procedure with the use of thoracoscopic staplers by the assistant. However, due to the evolution of robotic modern platforms, the staplers can be nowadays controlled by the main surgeon from the console. The pure uniportal roboticassisted thoracic surgery (U-RATS) is defined as the robotic thoracic surgery performed through a single intercostal (ic) incision, without rib spreading, using the robotic camera, robotic dissecting instruments and robotic staplers. There are presented the advantages, difficulties, the general aspects and specific considerations for U-RATS. For safety reasons, the authors recommend the transition from multiportalRATS through biportal-RATS to uniportal-RATS. The use of robotic dissection and staplers through a single incision and the rapid undocking with easy emergent conversion when needed (either to U-VATS or to thoracotomy) are safety advantages over multi-port RATS that cannot be overlooked, offering great comfort to the surgeon and quick and smooth recovery to the patient.