In order to investigate the frequency of abortion in Turkish sheep flocks, a self-administered questionnaire was sent in 1994 to 2688 farmers in seven regions having flock sizes of more than 50 animals. Questions were asked about the occurrence and signs of abortion, flock management, feeding and vaccination, and whether the farmers kept other livestock. Farmers were also asked whether abortions had occurred in their own family. The overall response rate was 50.3%, ranging from 39.1% in southeast Anatolia to 57% in the Black Sea. Of 1330 respondents who answered the question (whether they have seen the abortion in their flocks or not), 85.7% observed abortion in their flock and 14% did not, while 0.3% did not know. The number of ewes aborted during the period from June 1994-1995 varied between 0 and 360 (mean 15.6, median 7).