Intertwin membrane cord insertion in dichorionic twin pregnancy: The description and comparison with other umbilical cord insertion types


Can S. , Has R. , Turkyilmaz G. , Aktoz F., Yuksel A.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ULTRASOUND, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jcu.23246
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ULTRASOUND
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: dichorionic, intertwin membrane cord insertion, twin pregnancy, umbilical cord insertion abnormality, velamentous, BIRTH-WEIGHT, GROWTH

Abstract

Purpose Multiple pregnancy is associated with high perinatal mortality and morbidity. Abnormal cord insertions more common in twin pregnancies compared to singleton pregnancies and velamentous cord insertion is related with poor pregnancy outcomes. There is no definition of velamentous cord insertion into the intertwine membrane between two fetuses in the literature. Methods In our single-center cross-sectional study, monochorionic-diamniotic and dichorionic-diamniotic twins who were admitted to our clinic between 18 + 0 and 23 + 6 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled in this study. We evaluated fetal, placental, and umbilical cord abnormalities in addition to fetal growth restrictions and weight discordance by ultrasonography. Results Although abnormal cord insertion frequency was significantly higher in monochorionic twins (p = 0.003), intertwin membrane cord insertion could only occur in dichorionic twins. In cases with cord insertion anomaly; FGR and weight discordance was observed more frequently (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively). Weight discordance, the presence of abnormal cord insertion and abnormal UAD were found as statistically significant predictors of FGR (p < 0.001, p = 0.021, and p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion Intertwin membrane insertion is a novel umbilical cord insertion abnormality. The presence of abnormal umbilical cord insertion is a risk factor for poor pregnancy outcomes in twin pregnancies.