Full-Endoscopic Technique for Posterior Fossa Decompression in Chiari Malformation


Dolas İ., Unal T. C., Yorukoglu A. G., Ruetten S., Dolen D., Gulsever C. İ., ...More

OPERATIVE NEUROSURGERY, vol.25, no.6, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1227/ons.0000000000000875
  • Journal Name: OPERATIVE NEUROSURGERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Chiari malformation, Endoscopy, Foramen magnum, Posterior fossa
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Full-endoscopic techniques are well-described for spinal procedures. Although endoscopic-assisted techniques are reported for posterior fossa decompression (PFD) in Chiari malformation (CM), a full-endoscopic technique is yet to be reported in these patients. The aim of this study was to present and describe a full-endoscopic technique for PFD in patients with CM.CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Two patients diagnosed with CM were operated on by the full-endoscopic PFD technique. The patients consented to the procedure and to the publication of their image. An endoscope with an oval shaft cross-section with a diameter of 9.3 mm, a working length of 177 mm, a viewing angle of 20(degrees), and a working channel of 5.6 diameters were used. Operative videos were recorded. The surgical steps were easily applied after the clear anatomic landmarks, such as the C1 posterior tubercle and the rectus capitis posterior minor muscles. The patients were followed up for 6 months. Both patients were symptom-free with a significant decrease in Visual Analog Scale score and a good functional outcome assessed by Chicago Chiari Outcome Scale after surgery without any complications.CONCLUSION: All the steps of the full-endoscopic technique for PFD described by the authors in their previous human cadaveric study were also feasible on patients with CM.