Biodegradable film of carboxymethyl cellulose modified with red onion peel powder waste and boron nitride nanoparticles: Investigation of physicochemical properties and release of active substances

Pirsa S., BENER M., ŞEN F. B.

Food Chemistry, vol.445, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 445
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2024.138721
  • Journal Name: Food Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Active film, Antioxidant, Biopolymer, Controlled release, Onion peel
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to modify carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) films with onion peel extract (OPE) (0–2 g), onion peel powder (OPP) (0–2 g) and boron nitride nanoparticles (BN) (0–100 mg). 17 different CMC/OPE/OPP/BN films were provided and the physicochemical properties of films were studied. The release of active compounds of the composite film was investigated over time. The obtained results showed that OPE, OPP and BN increased the physical resistance and flexibility of the films. The percentage of moisture and solubility of the films decreased with the increase of OPE, OPP and BN. By adding BN, OPE and OPP, the structure of the film became stronger and the permeability to water vapor decreased. Addition of OPE and OPP significantly increased the antioxidant property of the film. In general, it can be said that the antioxidant substances of the onion peel are protected inside the film by preparing a CMC/OPE/OPP/BN film, which, in addition to stabilizing the antioxidants, can play an effective role in the controlled release of these antioxidant substances.