High Expression of miR-218-5p in the Peripheral Blood Stream and Tumor Tissues of Pediatric Patients with Sarcomas


Yazıcı H.

BIOCHEMICAL GENETICS, vol.62, no.3, pp.1-16, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10528-024-10873-8
  • Journal Name: BIOCHEMICAL GENETICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-16
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Sarcomas are malignant tumors that may metastasize and the course of the disease is highly aggressive in children and young adults. Because of the rare incidence of sarcomas and the heterogeneity of tumors, there is a need for non-invasive diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in sarcomas. The aim of the study was to investigate the level of miR-218-5p in peripheral blood and tumor tissue samples of Ewing's sarcoma, osteosarcoma, spindle cell sarcoma patients, and healthy controls, and assessed whether the corresponding molecule was a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker. The study was performed patients (n = 22) diagnosed and treated with Ewing's sarcoma and osteosarcoma and in a control group of 22 healthy children who were matched for age, gender, and ethnicity with the patient group. The expression level of miR-218-5p in RNA samples from peripheral blood and tissue samples were analyzed using the RT-PCR and the expression level of miR-218-5p was evaluated by comparison with the levels in patients and healthy controls. The expression level of miR-218-5p was found to be statistically higher (3.33-fold, p = 0.006) in pediatric patients with sarcomas and when the target genes of miR-218-5p were investigated using the bioinformatics tools, the miR-218-5p was found as an important miRNA in cancer. In this study, the miR-218-5p was shown for the first time to have been highly expressed in the peripheral blood and tumor tissue of sarcoma patients. The results suggest that miR-218-5p can be used as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in sarcomas and will be evaluated as an important therapeutic target.