Is the increased ozone dosage key factor for its anti-inflammatory effect in an experimental model of mesenteric ischemia? Yüksek ozon dozu, deneysel mezenter iskemi modelinde antiinflamatuar etkisi için anahtar faktör müdür?


Erginel B., Yanar F., İLHAN M. B., Yüksel S., Mi̇kai̇lo P., Berker N., ...More

Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, vol.29, no.10, pp.1069-1074, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/tjtes.2023.86086
  • Journal Name: Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1069-1074
  • Keywords: Antioxidant, ischemia/reperfusion, ozone therapy
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ischemia/reperfusion injury of the intestines is a severe surgical condition. This study aimed to reveal ozone therapy effects with relatively increased ozone dosage in a created ischemia/reperfusion injury model. METHODS: In this study, 24 albino Wistar rats were examined in three groups. Rats in the control group (CG, n=8) underwent only a laparotomy. In the sham group (SG, n=8) and ozone group (OG, n=8), the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) of the rats was occluded for 1 h. After de-occluding the SMA, the abdomen was closed, physiological saline was infused intraperitoneally in the SG, and an increased ozone/oxygen mixture dose (from 0.7 mg/kg to 1 mg/kg) was infused intraperitoneally in the OG. Small intestine samples were obtained at the 24th h for histopathological examination of intestinal mucosal injury and evaluated according to the Chiu score. In addition, Malondialdehyde and Myeloperoxidase levels were evaluated for oxidant levels, whereas, Glutathione (GSH) enzyme activity was measured to evaluate the tissue antioxidant system. RESULTS: Histopathologically, the Chiu score was the lowest in the CG. It was lower in the OG compared to the SG showing the ameliorating effect of ozone on the intestinal mucosa. Chiu score in the OG was higher compared to that in the CG, but not statisti-cally significant. A significantly higher GSH level was observed in the OG compared to the SG, proving antioxidant activity. CONCLUSION: In this experimental model of ischemia/reperfusion in rats, treatment with an increased ozone level decreased the inflammatory process through antioxidant mechanisms and reduced intestinal mucosal damage. However, the effectiveness of ozone therapy depends on its dosages.