Ocular and generalized myasthenia gravis induced by human acetylcholine receptor ? subunit immunization

WU X., Tuzun E. , LI J., XIAO T., SAINI S. S. , QI H., ...Daha Fazla

MUSCLE & NERVE, cilt.45, sa.2, ss.209-216, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/mus.22273
  • Dergi Adı: MUSCLE & NERVE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.209-216


Introduction: HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice develop ocular myasthenia gravis (oMG), which then progresses to generalized MG (gMG) when immunized with the human acetylcholine receptor (H-AChR) a subunit. Because the fetal AChR ? subunit is expressed in adult extraocular muscles, we anticipated that ? subunit immunization would generate an immune response to mouse AChR and induce MG in mice. Results: H-AChR ? subunit immunization in HLA-DQ8 mice induced an autoimmune response to mouse AChR and led to the destruction of AChR in the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) by anti-AChR antibody and complement activation, and it triggered upregulation of AChR gene transcription. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that oMG may be induced by immunity to the AChR ? subunit. Muscle Nerve, 2012