Properties of solid wood and laminated wood lumber manufactured by cold pressing and heat treatment

Kwon J. H. , SHIN R., Ayrilmis N. , HAN T. H.

MATERIALS & DESIGN, vol.62, pp.375-381, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matdes.2014.05.032
  • Journal Name: MATERIALS & DESIGN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.375-381


Physical, mechanical, and morphological properties of solid wood lumbers which were cold pressed in a press and then heat treated in a kiln. Two different kinds of domestic thinning small-diameter softwood (Ginko biloba L.) and hardwood (Tilia amurensis Rupr.) were used in this study. First 50 mm thick lumbers were cold pressed until 35 mm (30% of control lumber) using a stopper for 5 min. Then the cold pressed lumbers were heat treated in an electric kiln at 180 degrees C for 6, 12, 24, or 48 h. To increase the utilizability of woods, the LVLs were produced from 4 mm thick veneers prepared from the heat treated lumbers using a veneer saw. Each LVL sample consisted of 5 layers which were subsequently 48 h-, 24 h-, 12 h-, and 6 h- treated veneers and untreated veneer (from top layer to bottom layer). The shrinkage rates of softwood and hardwood were considerably decreased with increasing temperature. The mechanical properties of heat treated samples were better than those of unpressed control samples. The bending strength and modulus of elasticity of the LVLs manufactured from cold pressed and then heat treated lumbers were slightly lower than those of untreated woods. The colour values obtained from the heat treated wood samples showed a clear effect of the temperature on the colour changes. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.