PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.61, no.2, pp.166-174, 2019 (SCI-Expanded)
Background The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess short-term neurological outcomes in pediatric stroke with regard to patient characteristics. Methods Children aged 28 days-18 years with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS), cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT), and hemorrhagic stroke (HS) between 2007 and 2013 were evaluated. Neurological findings in the first 3 months were accepted as short-term prognosis, and modified Rankin scale was used. Results A total of 33 patients (62%) with AIS, 12 (23%) with HS, and eight (15%) with CSVT were included. Moya moya syndrome was the most common new diagnosis in AIS. Stroke recurred in five (15%); and one AIS patient with posterior circulation infarct died (3%). Prognosis in AIS was favorable for 20 patients (61%) and poor for 13 patients (39%). Forty-two percent of HS were of vascular origin. Seven patients (70%) with HS had good prognosis and three (30%) had poor prognosis with no death. Homocysteine-related hypercoagulability was most frequently noted in the etiology of CSVT. Synchronous systemic thrombosis was observed in three CSVT patients (37.5%) and death occurred in two (25%). Prognosis was evaluated as favorable for three CSVT patients (37.5%) and poor for five (62.5%). For thrombophilia, thrombosis panel was performed fully in 83% of AIS and CSVT patients. Conclusions Pediatric stroke is associated with a poor prognosis in a substantial number of patients in the short term, with CSVT having the worst prognosis. Detailed patient characteristics are listed not only for ischemic but also for hemorrhagic stroke; and a full thrombosis panel was achieved for most ischemic stroke patients.