COMBINATION THERAPY USING ADRENALINE AND HEATER PROBE TO REDUCE REBLEEDING IN PATIENTS WITH PEPTIC-ULCER HEMORRHAGE - A PROSPECTIVE RANDOMIZED TRIAL


TEKANT Y. , GOH P., ALEXANDER D., ISAAC J., KUM C., NGOI S.

BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY, vol.82, no.2, pp.223-226, 1995 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1995
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/bjs.1800820231
  • Journal Name: BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.223-226

Abstract

A prospective randomized trial was performed to assess the efficacy of the combined therapy of endoscopic injection of adrenaline and heater probe application in the management of patients with major peptic ulcer haemorrhage. Some 153 consecutive patients were randomized to receive either local injection of adrenaline (1:10000) followed by heater probe thermocoagulation (74 patients) or no endoscopic treatment (79 patients). The two groups were well matched with regard to age, haemoglobin concentration on admission, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug usage and endoscopic findings. More patients in the treatment group were in shock on admission (21 versus 13). Initial haemostasis was achieved in all patients randomized to endoscopic therapy. Rebleeding occurred in fewer treated than control patients (five versus 16, P=0.01). The treated group also had fewer deaths (zero versus two) and requirement for operation (two versus six). The results show that the combination of sclerotherapy with adrenaline and subsequent thermocoagulation reduces the rate of rebleeding in peptic ulcer haemorrhage.