A comparative study of two fissure sealants: a 2-year clinical follow-up


Yildiz E. , Dorter C. , Efes B., Koray F.

JOURNAL OF ORAL REHABILITATION, cilt.31, ss.979-984, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2004.01334.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ORAL REHABILITATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.979-984

Özet

The aim of the study was to compare the fluoride-containing fissure sealants (Helioseal F) with the conventional (Concise Light Cure White Sealant) fissure sealants in their retention and caries-prevention capabilities in young population. Sealant materials were applied by three dentists on 122 fissures of first and second molars in 59 adults, 18-20 years of age. One hundred and twenty-two non-carious and unsealed molar teeth were selected as controls. The teeth were assessed using the following criteria: 1 - fully retained (FR), 2 - partially lost (PL), 3 - totally lost (TL) and 4 - decayed (D). All teeth were clinically assessed at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months by two examiners who were blinded to the sealant materials. Data were statistically analysed with chi-square tests. After 3 months 72.1% of sealants were fully retained, at 24 months this had dropped to 46.7%. The partial loss of sealants was at 3 months (15.6%), 6 months (26.2%), 12 months (27.9%) and 24 months (27%). The total loss of Helioseal F (16.4, 19.7, 18, 23% at 3rd, 6th, 12th and 24th months, respectively) was more than the total loss of Concise Light Cure White Sealant (8.2, 9.8, 11.5, 18%, respectively); meaning that the retention rate of Helioseal F was lower than for Concise Light Cure White Sealant. No caries was detected at 3rd and 6th months in all sealant-treated teeth. The incidence of caries in Helioseal F treated teeth at 12 and 24 months was 11.5% and 0% in Concise Light Cure White Sealant treated teeth. The incidence of caries in all fissure-sealant-treated-teeth after 24 months was 5.7 and 25.4% in control group. The results underline that the application of fissure sealants to young people in this sample is an effective method for the prevention of fissure caries.

The aim of the study was to compare the fluoride-containing fissure sealants (Helioseal F) with the conventional (Concise Light Cure White Sealant) fissure sealants in their retention and caries-prevention capabilities in young population. Sealant materials were applied by three dentists on 122 fissures of first and second molars in 59 adults, 18-20 years of age. One hundred and twenty-two non-carious and unsealed molar teeth were selected as controls. The teeth were assessed using the following criteria: 1 - fully retained (FR), 2 - partially lost (PL), 3 - totally lost (TL) and 4 - decayed (D). All teeth were clinically assessed at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months by two examiners who were blinded to the sealant materials. Data were statistically analysed with chi-square tests. After 3 months 72.1% of sealants were fully retained, at 24 months this had dropped to 46.7%. The partial loss of sealants was at 3 months (15.6%), 6 months (26.2%), 12 months (27.9%) and 24 months (27%). The total loss of Helioseal F (16.4, 19.7, 18, 23% at 3rd, 6th, 12th and 24th months, respectively) was more than the total loss of Concise Light Cure White Sealant (8.2, 9.8, 11.5, 18%, respectively); meaning that the retention rate of Helioseal F was lower than for Concise Light Cure White Sealant. No caries was detected at 3rd and 6th months in all sealant-treated teeth. The incidence of caries in Helioseal F treated teeth at 12 and 24 months was 11.5% and 0% in Concise Light Cure White Sealant treated teeth. The incidence of caries in all fissure-sealant-treated-teeth after 24 months was 5.7 and 25.4% in control group. The results underline that the application of fissure sealants to young people in this sample is an effective method for the prevention of fissure caries.