NEUROPHARMACOLOGY, vol.44, no.2, pp.199-205, 2003 (SCI-Expanded)
The present study was performed to evaluate the role(s) of hypoglycemia, changes in [H-3]glutamate binding kinetics and dopaminergic activity in the occurrence of scopolamine-induced convulsions in fasted mice after food intake, Plasma glucose levels and density (B-max) and affinity (K-d) of [H-3]glutamate binding sites in whole brain synaptic membranes were determined in animals fed ad lib or fasted for 48 h and treated intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 3 mg/kg scopolamine or saline and allowed to eat for 5 min. Fasting for 48 h decreased plasma glucose levels. After refeeding, plasma glucose concentrations increased in saline treated animals, but remained unchanged in scopolamine treated animals which consumed less food. Fasting for 48 h also produced significant changes in the kinetics of [H-3]glutamate binding. The B-max and K-d of the binding sites decreased in fasted animals. These changes were partially antagonized by scopolamine treatment and food intake. For the evaluation of the contribution of dopaminergic activity, another group of mice fasted for 48 h and pretreated (i.p.) with saline or dopamine antagonists, 2 mg/kg chlorpromazine or 2 or 4 mg/kg haloperidol. were treated 10 min later with either saline or 3 mg/kg scopolamine. Then 20 min later, they were allowed to eat ad lib and were observed for 30 min for the incidence and onset of clonic convulsions. Pretreatment of both 2 mg/kg chlorpromazine and 4 mg/kg haloperidol markedly suppressed the convulsions. These results indicate that the decrease in the [H-3]glutamate binding induced by fasting. its antagonism by scopolamine treatment and food intake, and the dopaminergic hyperactivity may be possible factors contributing to the occurrence of convulsions. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.