Hearing loss in Takayasu’s arteritis


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Kimyon U., GÖZEN TAN E. D., Karaman E., KARAMAN E., Günay E., ESATOĞLU S. N., ...More

Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, vol.42, no.4, pp.872-878, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/gtd2uv
  • Journal Name: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.872-878
  • Keywords: audiometric tests, hearing loss, systemic lupus erythematosus, Takayasu’s arteritis, vasculitis
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective Neurosensory hearing loss is well-documented in chronic autoimmune conditions such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the literature lacks data on the prevalence and characteristics of hearing impairment in Takayasu’s arteritis (TAK). In this cross-sectional study, our principal objective was to systematically assess the auditory function of individuals diagnosed with TAK, against SLE patients and healthy controls (HC). Method Age and gender matched TAK and SLE patients followed up in a tertiary centre along with healthy controls were included in a two-phase study. In the first phase, a questionnaire on ENT symptoms was administered to the patient (TAK: n=104 and SLE: n= 151) and HC (n=174) groups. In the second phase, patients (TAK: n=53 and SLE: n=33) and HC (n=45) underwent audiometric tests. Results The questionnaire survey revealed that both TAK and SLE patients reported hearing loss (27.9%, 25.8%, 7.4%, p<0.001), tinnitus (49%, 35.8%, 13.8%, p<0.001) and vertigo (46.2%, 33.8%, 16.7%, p<0.001) at significantly higher rates than HC. Audiometry results indicated that both TAK (30.2%) and SLE patients (18.2%) had increased hearing loss compared to HC (8.9%), however, only TAK patients were found to have significantly increased risk in age adjusted logistic regression analysis (OR= 3.915, 95%CI: 1.179-12.998, p=0.026). Hearing loss was mainly neurosensory in all groups. TAK patients were affected at both low (<6000 Hz) and high (>6000 Hz) frequencies, whereas SLE patients were affected only at high frequencies. Hearing loss was significantly associated only with older age. No association was observed with the anatomical location of vascular involvement or history of stroke. Conclusion Our study reveals an increased prevalence of hearing loss in TAK. Further research is crucial to uncover the underlying causes.