An Evaluation of Post-operative Urinary Incontinence in Dogs with Intramural Ectopic Ureter Treated with Neoureterocystostomy

Karabagli M.

KAFKAS UNIVERSITESI VETERINER FAKULTESI DERGISI, vol.23, no.1, pp.145-154, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.9775/kvfd.2016.16030
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.145-154


The main motivation in the treatment of ectopic ureter (EU) is achieving complete urinary continence. Although, new neoureterostomy techniques were developed for the surgical treatment of intramural ectopic ureters, it was determined that postoperative incontinence scores achieved with the latest techniques have no distinct superiority over those achieved with older techniques. Therefore, we aim to determine the post-operative urinary incontinence scores in dogs with intramural EU that were treated with neoureterocystostomy and compared with older reports which neoureterostomy techniques were used. Seven female dogs which were brought to our clinic with a complaint of constant urine dribbling since they were born or adopted were included the study. The radiographic diagnosis was made by excretory urography in four dogs, excretory urography and retrograde vagino-urethrography in 2 dogs and MRI in 1 dog. Definitive diagnosis was made by cystotomy. Ectopic ureters were intramural character in all cases. Neoureterocystostomy technique was used for the surgical treatment and incontinence scores at post-operative 1st and 2nd months were recorded. For the purpose of complete elimination of the postoperative urinary incontinence, phenylpropalamine were used in 4 cases and oxybutynin were used in 1 case as additional medical therapy. Urinary incontinence was completely disappeared, 5 out of 7 patients (71%) at the end of the study. In conclusion, the results suggest that EU is most successfully treated with a surgical method that does not involve urethrotomy and it should be performed simultaneously with a surgical method used in the treatment of urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence and should be combined with a treatment involving the use of post-operative alpha adrenergic medications.