Ethylenediamine-bound magnetite nanoparticles as dual function colorimetric sensor having charge transfer and nanozyme activity for TNT and tetryl detection

Yardimci B., Koc O. K., ARDA A., Hizal J., APAK M. R.

MICROCHIMICA ACTA, vol.188, no.7, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 188 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00604-021-04877-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Dual function colorimetric sensor, Nitroaromatic explosives, Charge-transfer complex, Spectrophotometric determination, Amine functionalized nanoparticles, MOLECULAR RECOGNITION, TRINITROTOLUENE, IDENTIFICATION, EXPLOSIVES, 2,4,6-TRINITROTOLUENE, BIOREMEDIATION, SPECTROSCOPY, SOILS
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


A reusable, low-cost, and convenient ethylenediamine (EDA)-bound magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs)-based colorimetric sensor has been developed for dual function colorimetric determination of nitroaromatic explosives such as TNT and tetryl. Colorimetric detection of analytes may occur through two independent routes: (1) nano-Fe3O4- EDA- NH2 as sigma-donor may interact with the sigma- and pi-acceptor aromatic-poly(NO2) groups to produce a colored charge-transfer (CT) complex; (2) nano-Fe3O4-EDA-NH2 as a Fenton-type nanozyme may generate reactive species that comprise hydroxyl radicals ((OH)-O-center dot) with H2O2 to oxidize 3,3 ',5,5 '-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to a blue-colored diimine (oxTMB-TMB) CT complex, where this color is bleached with TNT/tetryl because of donor-acceptor interactions between the explosive -NO2 groups and the -NH2 group of Fe3O4-EDA nanoparticles of restricted nanozyme activity. Both methods can quantify TNT well below the EPA recommended TNT residential screening level in soil, LOD being in the micromolar range. As EDA was covalently bound to MNPs, the same sensor can be separately reused six times for TNT and eight times for tetryl determination, using method (1). Common metal ions, anions, energetic materials, several camouflage materials, and soil components such as humates did not interfere with the nanosensor performance for TNT and tetryl. The combination of charge-transfer and nanozyme ability of Fe3O4- EDA-NH2 nanoparticles may bring a new approach to dual function colorimetric sensor design. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first dual function colorimetric sensor for TNT and tetryl using the same nanoparticles as sensing elements in two different detection systems involving either formation or bleaching of colored species.