Vanadium(V) Removal by Adsorption onto Activated Carbon Derived from Starch Industry Waste Sludge


Dogan V., Aydin S.

SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.49, no.9, pp.1407-1415, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01496395.2013.879312
  • Title of Journal : SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.1407-1415

Abstract

This study examines the adsorption potential of activated carbons for vanadium (V) removal from aqueous solution. Activated carbons were produced via chemical activation of waste treatment sludge from the starch industry. Specific surface area and pore sizes of waste sludge samples were determined through chemical activation and pyrolysis. Experimental data indicated that sludge samples had micropore structure and specific surface area of up to 1196 m(2)/g. First-order and second-order models were applied to determine adsorption kinetics. Freundlich, Langmuir, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms were used to analyze equilibrium data of adsorption. Equilibrium adsorption data showed the best fit to the Freundlich isotherm. Adsorption of vanadium (V) follows second-order kinetic models. Maximum adsorption was observed at pH 4.0. Langmuir adsorption capacity was found to be 37.17 mg/g. The results of the study indicated that activated carbon obtained from industrial sewage sludge was effective in removing vanadium from aqueous solutions, which creates a significant advantage for treatment of industrial wastewaters and management of solid wastes.