PREDICTION OF MUSCLE FORCES USING STATIC OPTIMIZATION FOR DIFFERENT CONTRACTILE CONDITIONS


Arslan Y. Z., Jinha A., Kaya M., Herzog W.

JOURNAL OF MECHANICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, vol.13, no.3, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

In this study, we introduced a novel cost function for the prediction of individual muscle forces for a one degree-of-freedom musculoskeletal system. Unlike previous models, the new approach incorporates the instantaneous contractile conditions represented by the force-length and force-velocity relationships and accounts for physiological properties such as fiber type distribution and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) in the cost function. Using this cost function, it is possible to predict experimentally observed features of force-sharing among synergistic muscles that cannot be predicted using the classical approaches. Specifically, the new approach allows for predictions of force-sharing loops of agonistic muscles in one degree-of-freedom systems and for simultaneous increases in force in one muscle and decreases in a corresponding agonist. We concluded that the incorporation of the contractile conditions in the weighting of cost functions provides a natural way to incorporate observed force-sharing features in synergistic muscles that have eluded satisfactory description.

In this study, we introduced a novel cost function for the prediction of individual muscle forces for a one degree-of-freedom musculoskeletal system. Unlike previous models, the new approach incorporates the instantaneous contractile conditions represented by the force-length and force-velocity relationships and accounts for physiological properties such as fiber type distribution and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) in the cost function. Using this cost function, it is possible to predict experimentally observed features of force-sharing among synergistic muscles that cannot be predicted using the classical approaches. Specifically, the new approach allows for predictions of force-sharing loops of agonistic muscles in one degree-of-freedom systems and for simultaneous increases in force in one muscle and decreases in a corresponding agonist. We concluded that the incorporation of the contractile conditions in the weighting of cost functions provides a natural way to incorporate observed force-sharing features in synergistic muscles that have eluded satisfactory description.