MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY, vol.18, no.5, pp.507-510, 2008 (SCI-Expanded)
Pulmonary artery involvement as the initial predominant clinical manifestation in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is rare. We describe a young adult female who presented with life-threatening complications of proximal pulmonary arterial involvement of Takayasu arteritis. In our case, atypical presentation of TA with pulmonary symptoms due to pulmonary artery involvement resulted in an erroneous initial diagnosis of sarcoidosis and then tuberculosis. The frequency of such a clinical form could be underestimated given the difficulties involved in its diagnosis and because its features are similar to those of pulmonary disease.