Objective: To examine the serum levels of leptin and adiponectin in different obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) phenotypes. Methods: Obese patients who were admitted to our sleep laboratory were included. All patients underwent spirometry, daytime arterial blood gas analysis, polysomnography and transthoracic echocardiography. Serum levels of adiponectin and leptin were recorded. Results: Analysis included 146 OSA patients (81 females, 65 males, age: 49.8 +/- 10.7 years, body mass index:40.3 +/- 4.9kg/m(2), 47.9% severe OSA, 42.5% severe obesity). Females had higher leptin and adiponectin levels (p<0.001;p<0.001, respectively). Leptin levels were higher in patients with severe obesity (p<0.001). Severe OSA patients had lower leptin and adiponectin levels (p=0.023;p=0.035, respectively). Conclusion: Adipokine levels were different especially in OSA patients with severe obesity, female gender and severe OSA.