Genotype distribution of Candida albicans isolates by 25S intron analysis with regard to invasiveness


Karahan Z., Guriz H., Agirbasli H., Balaban N., Gocmen J., Aysev D., ...More

MYCOSES, vol.47, pp.465-469, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1439-0507.2004.01022.x
  • Title of Journal : MYCOSES
  • Page Numbers: pp.465-469

Abstract

The aim of this study was to genotype Candida albicans strains isolated from patients with invasive and non-invasive deep-seated infections. For this purpose, 301 C. albicans isolates (81 invasive and 220 non-invasive) were genotyped by using specific PCR primers designed to span the transposable group I intron of the 25S rDNA gene. Fifty-three of the 81 invasive isolates were genotype A (65.4%), eight were genotype B (9.9%) and 20 were genotype C (24.7%), while 98 of the 220 non-invasive isolates were genotype A (44.6%), 46 were genotype B (20.9%) and 76 were genotype C (34.5%). Genotype A was more prevalent among invasive isolates and genotypes B and C were more prevalent among non-invasive isolates (P = 0.0046). Genotypes D and E which represent C. dubliniensis were not found. These results indicate that there may be a relationship between C. albicans genotypes and invasiveness; genotype A being more invasive than others. The presence or absence of the transposable group I intron in the 25S rDNA gene may be important in determining the invasiveness of C. albicans.