The Effect of Sleep Hygiene Education on Sleep Quality of Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Mothers According to The Health Promotion Model


HAYLI Ç. M., AYDIN A.

Çocuk Dergisi, vol.23, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/jchild.2023.1332281
  • Journal Name: Çocuk Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of sleep hygiene education on sleep quality of children with intellectual disabilities and their mothers according to the health promotion model.

Materials and Methods: The study enrolled 80 children with intellectual disabilities ranging in age from 2 to 18 years and their mothers (intervention and control groups ). The socio-demographic data form of the mother and child, Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and sleep sensor device were used for data collection. The SPSS 25.0 data analysis program was used in the statistical analysis of the data obtained in the study, and the chi-square test, t-test, Mann U Whitney test and Pearson correlation were used for data analysis.

Results: The children and mothers in the intervention and control groups were found to be homogeneous within their respective groups, and there was a statistically significant difference between the sleep data and the mean scores of children with intellectual disabilities in the intervention and control groups before and after sleep hygiene education (p<0.05). It was determined that there was a statistically significant difference between the sleep data and the mean scores of the mothers in the intervention group before and after the education (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Sleep hygiene education has been shown to enhance the development of regular sleep behaviours in children with intellectual disabilities and their mothers.

Keywords: child with intellectual disabilities, health promotion model, mother, sleep hygiene education