A comparison of methods of plasmapheresis for the treatment of late antibody mediated rejection in kidney transplant recipients.

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Caliskan Y., Mirioglu S., Dirim A. B., Ozluk Y., Yegit O., Aksoy E., ...More

Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis : official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy, vol.27, no.3, pp.428-434, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Introduction We compared the outcomes associated with plasma exchange (PE), double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP), or immunoadsorption (IA) in the treatment of late antibody mediated rejection (AMR). Methods Sixty-nine kidney transplantation (KTx) recipients with late AMR were retrospectively categorized according to management with PE (n = 30), DFPP (n = 22) or IA (n = 17). Allograft loss was compared across treatment groups by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression. Results Study groups were similar regarding age, sex, donor type, kidney function, donor specific antibodies, and post-KTx follow-up time. Five-year graft survival trended higher with IA (70.6%) compared to PE (36.7%) and DFPP (27.3%) (p = 0.06). In multivariate Cox regression, baseline eGFR (HR per ml/min/1.73 m(2) [95% CI]; 0.96 [0.94-0.99]), rituximab use (HR [95% CI]; 0.42 [0.21-0.84]), interstitial inflammation (i) (HR [95% CI]; 2.05 [1.13-3.69]), and transplant glomerulopathy (cg) (HR [95% CI]; 1.46 [1.13-1.87]) were associated with graft loss. Conclusion These results motivate the need for continued assessment of rituximab and plasmapheresis in larger studies.