In this study, a new Galactic novae catalogue is introduced collecting important parameters of these sources such as their light-curve parameters, classifications, full width half-maximum (FWHM) of H alpha line, distances and interstellar reddening estimates. The catalogue is also published on a website with a search option via a SQL query and an online tool to re-calculate the distance/reddening of a nova from the derived reddening-distance relations. Using the novae in the catalogue, the existence of a maximum magnitude-rate of decline (MMRD) relation in the Galaxy is investigated. Although an MMRD relation was obtained, a significant scattering in the resulting MMRD distribution still exists. We suggest that the MMRD relation likely depends on other parameters in addition to the decline time, as FWHM H alpha, the light-curve shapes. Using two different samples depending on the distances in the catalogue and from the derived MMRD relation, the spatial distributions of Galactic novae as a function of their spectral and speed classes were studied. The investigation on the Galactic model parameters implies that best estimates for the local outburst density are 3.6 and 4.2 x 10(-10) pc (3) yr (1) with a scale height of 148 and 175 pc, while the space density changes in the range of 0.4(-16) x 10(-6) pc (3). The local outburst density and scale height obtained in this study infer that the disc nova rate in the Galaxy is in the range of similar to 20 to similar to 100 yr (1) with an average estimate 67(-17)(+21) yr (1).