Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease in Turkish children aged 3-6 years old; development of gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire to use for Turkish children (Sm-2 Reflux Questionnaire) Yaş Araliǧi Üç-Alti Yil Olan Türk Çocuklarinda Gastroözofageal Reflü Hastaliǧi Sikliǧi; Türk Çocuklarinda Kullanilmak Üzere Gastroözofageal Reflü Hastaliǧi Anket Formu Hazirlanmasi (Sm-2 Reflü Anket Formu)


AYDOĞDU S., Rala Tanriverdi S., KÖSE T., KARAKOYUN M., BOR S., Saǧ E., ...More

Turkiye Klinikleri Pediatri, vol.27, no.3, pp.102-110, 2018 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5336/pediatr.2018-62244
  • Journal Name: Turkiye Klinikleri Pediatri
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.102-110
  • Keywords: Children, Frequency, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Questionnaire design
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2018 by Türkiye Klinikleri.Objective: We aimed to develop a questionnaire form for the diagnosis of gastroe-sophageal reflux disease in Turkish children aged 3-6 years old, and to analyze the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children aged 3-6 years old. Material and Methods: The study included the 3 groups of patients. Group 1 included 45 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, group 2 included 100 healthy children and group 3 included 283 children aged 3-6 years old in Menderes district. Previous questionnaire forms translated to Turkish and then modified with novel questions. The novel questionnaire form performed to children in group 1 and group 2. Each item was given a score according to odds ratio of symptoms between two groups. Reflux score was calculated according to sensitivity and specificity. Then, frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease was analyzed in children aged 3-6 years old in Menderes district (group 3). Results: Reflux scores in children in group 1 and 2 (mean±SD) were 16±8.24 and 2±3.52, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of reflux score ≥6 was 92% and 88.9%, respectively and reflux score ≥6 was diagnostic for gastroesophageal reflux disease. The frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children aged 3-6 years old in Menderes district (group 3) was 18.7%. The duration of breastfeeding was short, and the frequency of doctor diagnosed gastroesophageal reflux disease was high in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Conclusion: Our questionnaire form may be used reliably in diagnosis and follow-up of the gastroesophageal reflux disease in children aged 3-6 years old.